Follow Forum_Psych on Twitter
Search
 
 

Display results as :
 


Rechercher Advanced Search

Statistics
We have 222 registered users
The newest registered user is raheelmemon

Our users have posted a total of 1140 messages in 613 subjects
If you are seeing this, you have attempted to link to the UpToDate widget but are experiencing a problem. Please visit UpToDate for more information.
Share

Classic Conditioning Vs Operant Conditioning

View previous topic View next topic Go down

Classic Conditioning Vs Operant Conditioning

Post  Admin on Sun Jan 29, 2012 4:22 pm

Classic Conditioning Vs Operant Conditioning



Classic Conditioning Operant Conditioning
Classical conditioning involves pairing a previously neutral stimulus (such as the sound of a bell) with an unconditioned stimulus (the taste of food). This unconditioned stimulus naturally and automatically triggers salivating as a response to the food, which is known as the unconditioned response. After associating the neutral stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus, the sound of the bell alone will start to evoke salivating as a response. The sound of the bell is now known as the conditioned stimulus and salivating in response to the bell is known as the conditioned response. (check pic below) Operant conditioning focuses on using either reinforcement or punishment to increase or decrease a behavior. Through this process, an association is formed between the behavior and the consequences for that behavior. For example, imagine that a trainer is trying to teach a dog to fetch a ball. When the dog successful chases and picks up the ball, the dog receives praise as a reward. When the animal fails to retrieve the ball, the trainer withholds the praise. Eventually, the dog forms an association between his behavior of fetching the ball and receiving the desired reward.
Involves placing a neutral signal before a reflex Involves applying reinforcement or punishment after a behavior
Focuses on involuntary, automatic behaviors Focuses on strengthening or weakening voluntary behaviors

One of the simplest ways to remember the differences between classical and operant conditioning is to focus on whether the behavior is involuntary or voluntary. Classical conditioning involves making an association between an involuntary response and a stimulus, while operant conditioning is about making an association between a voluntary behavior and a consequence.


*****************
Click on to post your comments

Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

View previous topic View next topic Back to top

- Similar topics

 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum