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Evidence-Based Guideline: Treatment of Tardive Syndromes

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Evidence-Based Guideline: Treatment of Tardive Syndromes

Post  Admin on Tue Sep 10, 2013 9:23 pm

Evidence-Based Guideline: Treatment of Tardive Syndromes
Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the
American Academy of Neurology

This information is current as of July 29, 2013

Objective:
To make evidence-based recommendations regarding management of tardive syndromes (TDS), including tardive dyskinesias (TDD), by addressing 5 questions:
1) Is withdrawal of dopamine receptor blocking agents (DRBAs) an effective TDS treatment?
2) Does switching from typical to atypical DRBAs reduce TDS symptoms?
3) What is the efficacy of pharmacologic agents in treating TDS?
4) Do patients with TDS benefit from chemodenervation with botulinum toxin?
5) Do patients with TDS benefit from surgical therapy?

Results and recommendations:

- Clonazepam probably improves TDD and Ginkgo Biloba probably improves TDS (both Level B); both should be considered as treatment.
- Risperidone may improve TDS but cannot be recommended as treatment because neuroleptics may cause TDS despite masking symptoms.
- Amantadine and Tetrabenazine might be considered as TDS treatment (Level C).
- Diltiazem should not be considered as TDD treatment (Level B);
- Galantamine and Eicosapentaenoic acid may not be considered as treatment (Level C).
- Data are insufficient to support or refute use of acetazolamide, bromocriptine, thiamine, baclofen, vitamin E, vitamin B6, selegiline, clozapine, olanzapine, melatonin, nifedipine, fluperlapine, sulpiride, flupenthixol, thiopropazate, haloperidol, levetiracetam, quetiapine, ziprasidone, sertindole, aripiprazole, buspirone, yi-gan san, biperiden discontinuation, botulinum toxin type A, electroconvulsive therapy, a-methyldopa, reserpine, and pallidal deep brain stimulation as TDS treatments (Level U).
- Data are insufficient to support or refute TDS treatment by withdrawing causative agents or switching from typical to atypical DRBA (Level U).


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