Follow Forum_Psych on Twitter
Search
 
 

Display results as :
 


Rechercher Advanced Search

Statistics
We have 222 registered users
The newest registered user is raheelmemon

Our users have posted a total of 1140 messages in 613 subjects
If you are seeing this, you have attempted to link to the UpToDate widget but are experiencing a problem. Please visit UpToDate for more information.
Share

ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Page 3 of 3 Previous  1, 2, 3

View previous topic View next topic Go down

ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Aug 29, 2015 8:28 pm

First topic message reminder :

Welcome
This thread is dedicated to ABPN (American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology) Initial Certification Exam 2015.

Exam Date: September 24-25, 2015

High yield topics will be posted here frequently over the course of next 1 month.

Index
Page 1:
1. Adjunctive use of Antidepressants for Bipolar Disorder (per recent ISBD Guidelines).
2. Lithium Facts (Not indicated in; Contraindications; Medications increasing/decreasing level; association with kidney function & thyroid).
3. Medications associated with symptoms of restless legs syndrome.
4. REM Sleep Changes in Depression.
5. Antipsychotics least likely to exacerbate OCD symptoms in patients with comorbid OCD and schizophrenia.
6. Neurochemical Abnormalities in Catatonia.
7. Neuropsychiatric Complications of Glucocorticoid Use.
8. Antipsychotics Effect on Prolactin levels in patients with breast cancer.
9. What is the Difference Between Amphetamine and Methylphenidate?
10. ECT and Contraindications.
11. Brain structures involved in Anxiety.
12. New Recommendations for Hydroxyzine (European Medicines Agency).
13. Major depressive disorder vs bereavement.
14. Identifying Dementia patient at risk of unsafe Driving.

Page 2:
15. Alzheimer's disease: Early onset vs Late onset.
16. Medications for Alcohol Dependence + Naltrexone Mechanism.
17. Aphasia types.
18. Antidepressant in Treating or Preventing Depression Emerging During HCV (Hepatitis C) Treatment.
19. Narcolepsy with Cataplexy: Treatment
20. Bipolar I vs ADHD in Children + Treatment of ADHD and Comorbid Bipolar Disorder.
21. Factitious Disorders Management Recommendations.
22. Treatment of Persistent Aggressive Behaviors in Schizophrenia.
23. Bipolar disorder type II vs Borderline Personality Disorder.
24. Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia.
25. Donepezil, Rivastigmine & Galantamine: Use in Renal and Hepatic Impairment.
26. Mechanism of action of medications approved for weight loss.
27. Flibanserin Contraindications.
28. Antipsychotic Drug Use and the Risk of Seizures.
29. Rates of Placental Passage of Antipsychotics.

Page 3:
30. Treatment Options of Sexually Inappropriate Behavior in Dementia.
31. Acute Stress Disorder and Psychological debriefing.
32. Sleep Changes in Children and Elderly.
33. Personality Disorder and Defense Mechanisms
34. Neuro-Oncology: Important Histopathology Findings.
35. Basal Ganglia Structures and Diseases Associated with Damage.
36. Hippocampal Formation changes in Schizophrenia.
37. Antipsychotics least likely to increase QTc interval.
38. Model of Opioid Dysfunction and Buprenorphine Treatment in Borderline Personality Disorder.
39. Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy.
40. Poor & Good Prognostic Factors in Conversion Disorder.
41. Important EEG Findings.
42. Intellectual Disability Common Causes.
43. Anorexia Nervosa & Metabolic Abnormalities.
44. Pedophilic Disorder: Good and Bad Prognosis Indicators

Page 4:
45. Psychodynamic themes in Panic Disorder.
46. Sleep Stages & EEG Findings.
47. Postulated brain regions involved in different symptoms of ADHD.
48. Foods Avoided with MAOIs.
49. fMRI and Postmortem biopsy findings in Depression.
50. Antidepressants & False Positive Screen for Amphetamine.
51. FDA Approved Medications for Sleep Disorders.
52. Visual developmental milestones.
53. Children developmental milestones (important).
54. Psychopharmacology: Important CYP450 Interactions (*)
55. Incidence Rate and Period Prevalence.
56. Biostatistics.
57. Visual Pathway And Associated Visual Defects.
57. Peripheral Nerves: Radial, Ulnar, Median and Musculocutaenous.
58. Drug of Choice for Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease.

Page 5:
60. Erikson's stages of psychosocial development.



Last edited by Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 8:07 pm; edited 54 times in total

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down


Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Wed Sep 09, 2015 8:57 pm

Post 50:

Antidepressants & False Positive Screen for Amphetamine


Amphetamine or methamphetamine is the most commonly reported false-positive UDS result.

Among antidepressants following can cause false + results:
* Bupropion
* Trazodone
* Desipramine
* Trimipramine

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 12, 2015 11:44 am

Post 51:

FDA Approved Medications for Sleep Disorders:


Insomnia (Sleep Initiation only):
Triazolam; Zolpidem; Zaleplon; Ramelteon

Insomnia (Sleep Initiation and Sleep Maintenance):
Flurazepam, Quazepam, Estazolam, Temazepam, Ambien CR, and Eszopiclone

Narcolepsy:
Daytime Wakefulness: Dextroamphetamine; Methylphenidate; Modafinil
Hypnotic Agent: Sodium Oxybate

Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Modafinil

Shift Work Sleep Disorder: Modafinil


*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 12, 2015 7:10 pm

Post 52:

Visual Development Milestones:


Birth: black white vision only
1 week: color vision
2 months: binocular vision
6 months: complete accommodation

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 12, 2015 8:59 pm

Post 53:

Developmental milestones (Important)


MOTOR:
1 yr: walks
2 yr: runs
3 yr: stand on one foot
4 yr: hops on one foot
5 yr: skips

LANGUAGE:
12 m: 1 word sentence
18 m: 2 word sentence
24 m: 3 word sentence
3 yr: 4-5 word sentence
4 yr: 5 word sentence
5 yr: >5 word sentence

DRAWING:
3 yr: circle
4 yr: square
5 yr: triangle

OTHERS:
Social smile: 2 months
Separation & Stranger anxiety: 8 months
Pincer grasp: 9-12 months


*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sun Sep 13, 2015 3:13 pm

Post 54:

Psychopharmacology: Important CYP450 Metabolism & Interactions


* Atomoxetine: 2D6- lower dose with inhibitors (fluoxetine, paroxetine etc)
* Guanfacine: 3A4- change dose with inhibitors (grapefruit, ketoconazole) & inducers (rifampin, st john's wort)

* Buprenorphine: 3A4

* Risperidone: 2D6
* Ziprasidone: 3A4
* Lurasidone: 3A4
* Aripiprazole: 2D6, 3A4
* Iloperidone: 2D6, 3A4
* Clozapine, Olanzapine: 1A2

* Fluoxetine: 2D6 inhibitor
* Paroxetine: 2D6 & 3A4 inhibitor
* Bupropion: 2D6 inhibitor
* Fluvoxamine: 1A2 inhibitor
* Duloxetine: 1A2 & 2D6 (avoid with inhibitors & inducers)
* Levomilnacipran: 3A4
* Vilazodone: 3A4
* Vortioxetine: 2D6 & 3A4
* Nortriptyline: 2D6

Note: CYP 3A4 and 2D6 activity is higher in females.


Last edited by Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 4:50 pm; edited 16 times in total

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sun Sep 13, 2015 8:27 pm

Post 55:

Incidence and Prevalence


* Period Prevalence > Incidence Rate = Disease lasted longer than specified period.

* Period Prevalence ~ Incidence Rate = Disease lasted shorter than specified period.

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Wed Sep 16, 2015 8:51 pm

Post 56:

BIOSTATISTICS


Continuous and Discrete Variables:

Correlation statistics tests:
* In continuous variables: Pearson's r
* In Discrete variables: Spearman's rho

tests:
* In continuous variables: T test
* In Discrete variables: fisher's test


Sensitivity, Specificity, PPV, NPV, Accuracy:




Type I (alpha) & Type II (beta) Errors:


*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 11:54 am

Post 57:

Visual Pathway And Associated Visual Defects




Lesion Defect Causes
(1)- Left Optic NerveLeft Monocular Visual Loss Trauma, Multiple Sclerosis
(2)- Optic Chiasma Bitemporal Hemianopia Pituitary Tumors
(3)- Optic tract Homonymous Hemianopia Stroke, Space Occupying Lesions
(4)- Lt Temporal Optic Radiation (Meyer's Loop) Rt Homonymous Superior Quadrantanopia Stroke, Space Occupying Lesions
(5)- Lt Parietal Optic Radiations Rt Homonymous Inferior Quadrantanopis Stroke, Space Occupying Lesions
(6)- Lt Occipital Lobe Rt Homonymous Quadrantanopia with Macular Sparing Stroke (Posterior Circulation)

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 3:15 pm

Post 58:

Peripheral Nerves: Radial, Ulnar, Median and Musculocutaenous





*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 4:53 pm

Post 59:

Drug of Choice for Psychosis in Parkinson's Disease:


Quetiapine is the drug of choice for psychosis in parkinson's disease owing to its low potency D2 receptor blockade. Parkinson's disease involves degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia which makes them more susceptible to EPS when given antipsychotics.

Among the atypical antipsychotics, risperidone is associated with the highest incidence of extrapyramidal symptoms, and quetiapine and clozapine with the lowest.

Source (must read for residents): Steinberg M, Lyketsos CG. Atypical antipsychotic use in patients with dementia: managing safety concerns. Am J Psychiatry. 2012 Sep;169(9):900-6.

*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Admin on Sat Sep 19, 2015 4:57 pm

Post 60:

Erikson's stages of psychosocial development:



Psychosocial Stage 1 - Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth to about 18 Months)

- Because an infant is utterly dependent, the development of trust is based on the dependability and quality of the child’s caregivers.
- If a child successfully develops trust, he or she will feel safe and secure in the world.
- Caregivers who are inconsistent, emotionally unavailable, or rejecting contribute to feelings of mistrust in the children they care for. Failure to develop trust will result in fear and a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable.
- A person who, as a result of severe disturbances in the earliest dyadic relationships, fails to develop a basic sense of trust or the virtue of hope may be predisposed as an adult to the profound withdrawal and regression characteristic of schizophrenia.
- Lack of trust responsible for:
* Dysthymic disorder, depressive disorders
* Paranoid & delusional disorder
* Schizoid personality disorder
* Substance related disorders



Psychosocial Stage 2 - Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (about 18 Months to about 3 Years)

- The second stage is focused on children developing a greater sense of personal control.
- Like Freud, Erikson believed that toilet training was a vital part of this process. However, Erikson's reasoning was quite different then that of Freud's. Erikson believe that learning to control one’s body functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence.
- Other important events include gaining more control over food choices, toy preferences, and clothing selection.
- Children who successfully complete this stage feel secure and confident, while those who do not are left with a sense of inadequacy and self-doubt.
- A person who becomes fixated at the transition between the development of "hope" and "autonomous will", with its residue of mistrust and doubt, may develop paranoiac fears of persecution.
- Too rigorous toilet training, commonplace in today's society, which requires a clean, punctual, and deodorized body, can produce an overly compulsive personality that is stingy, meticulous, and selfish. Known as anal personalities, such persons are parsimonious, punctual, and perfectionistic (the three Ps).
- The ruminative and ritualistic behavior of the person who suffers from an obsessive compulsive disorder may be an outcome of the triumph of doubt over autonomy and the subsequent development of a primitively harsh conscience.



Psychosocial Stage 3 - Initiative vs. Guilt (about 3 Years to about 5 Years)

- During this stage, children begin to assert their power and control over the world through directing play and other social interaction.
- Children who are successful at this stage feel capable and able to lead others. Those who fail to acquire these skills are left with a sense of guilt, self-doubt and lack of initiative.
- When there has been an inadequate resolution of the conflict between initiative and guilt, the person may ultimately develop a conversion disorder, inhibition, or phobia.
- Those who overcompensate for the conflict by driving themselves too hard may experience sufficient stress to produce psychosomatic symptoms.
- Excessive guilt can lead:
* Generalized anxiety disorder
* Specific phobias
* Conversion Disorder
* May develop Psychosomatic disease



Psychosocial Stage 4 - Industry vs. Inferiority (about 5 Years to about 13 Years)

- Through social interactions, children begin to develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments and abilities.
- Children who are encouraged and commended by parents and teachers develop a feeling of "competence" and belief in their skills. Those who receive little or no encouragement from parents, teachers, or peers will doubt their ability to be successful.
- For some persons, the feelings may result in a compensatory drive for money, power, and prestige. Work can become the main focus of life, at the expense of intimacy.



Psychosocial Stage 5 - Identity vs. Confusion (about 13 Years to about 21 Years)

- During adolescence, children are exploring their independence and developing a sense of self.
- With the attainment of a more sharply focused identity, the youth develops the virtue of "Fidelity"- faithfulness not only to the nascent self-definition but also to an ideology that provides a version of self-in-world
- Those who receive proper encouragement and reinforcement through personal exploration will emerge from this stage with a strong sense of self and a feeling of independence and control. Those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will insecure and confused about themselves and the future.
- Erikson held that delinquency, gender-related identity disorders, and borderline psychotic episodes can result from such confusion.



Psychosocial Stage 6 - Intimacy vs. Isolation (about 21 Years to about 40 Years)

- Erikson believed it was vital that people develop close, committed relationships with other people. Those who are successful at this step will develop relationships that are committed and secure.
- Remember that each step builds on skills learned in previous steps. Erikson believed that a strong sense of personal identity was important to developing intimate relationships.
- Studies have demonstrated that those with a poor sense of self tend to have less committed relationships and are more likely to suffer emotional isolation, loneliness, and depression.
- "Distantiation", an awkward term coined by Erikson to mean "the readiness to repudiate, isolate, and, if necessary, destroy those forces and persons whose essence seems dangerous to one's own," is the pathological outcome of conflicts surrounding intimacy and, in the absence of an ethical sense where intimate, competitive, and combative relationships are differentiated, forms the basis for various forms of prejudice, persecution, and psychopathology.
- responsible for schizoid personality disorder



Psychosocial Stage 7 - Generativity vs. Stagnation (about 40 Years to about 60 Years)

- During adulthood, we continue to build our lives, focusing on our career and family.
- Those who are successful during this phase will feel that they are contributing to the world by being active in their home and community. Those who fail to attain this skill will feel unproductive and uninvolved in the world.



Psychosocial Stage 8 - Integrity vs. Despair (about 60 Years to Death)

- Those who are unsuccessful during this phase will feel that their life has been wasted and will experience many regrets. The individual will be left with feelings of bitterness and despair.
- Those who feel proud of their accomplishments will feel a sense of integrity. Successfully completing this phase means looking back with few regrets and a general feeling of satisfaction. These individuals will attain wisdom, even when confronting death.



*****************
Click on to post your comments
avatar
Admin
Admin
Admin

Posts : 948
Points : 2102
Reputation : 0
Join date : 2011-02-19
Location : Philadelphia

http://psychiatry.find-forum.net

Back to top Go down

Re: ABPN Initial Certification Exam 2015

Post  Sponsored content


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

Page 3 of 3 Previous  1, 2, 3

View previous topic View next topic Back to top

- Similar topics

 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum